Freckles can affect men and women of all complexion types, but most often they tend to be found on people with fairer complexions.
While many people it beautiful and unique, others, especially those who have a lot of them, tend to focus their attention on how to get rid of freckles for good. There are a number of home remedies, over the counter creams, prescription creams and medical procedures you can try, but there is no guarantee that any of these treatments will work for you, or that these treatments can keep you free from freckles for good.
What are Freckles and How Can I Get rid of Them?
There are a couple of basic freckle types: sunburn freckles and simple freckles. It is caused by sunburn are usually darker and have jagged borders. They can grow to be larger than a pencil eraser and they’re most commonly found on the shoulders and upper back, both places which people can frequently experience a sunburn. Simple freckles are small and round. These are different than black dots on skin.
As we have mentioned, freckles are most commonly found on people with lighter complexions and genetics can be to blame. Regular sun protection and avoidance can help to prevent the appearance of it for some people.
Medical Treatment for This Condition
Products that contain hydroquinone and kojic acid can be used to get rid it and as a type of hyperpigmentation treatment. However, these creams need to be applied daily over a period of several months in order to experience results. These creams are available over the counter in lower strengths, or by prescription for higher strengths. Keep in mind that these creams can make your skin more sensitive to the sun, so you should apply sunscreen liberally before you head outdoors.
Laser therapy is another option that can treat freckles. When done by a plastic surgeon or dermatologist, this type of treatment is a simple and safe procedure that has a low risk of scarring.
Chemical peels can provide fast results and may just be the solution you’re looking for. This type of peel works to lighten the freckles and improve the appearance of your skin by essentially removing the top superficial layer of skin, allowing new skin to take its place. Weaker chemical peels are available at spas and salons, while stronger chemical peels are often available in most dermatology and plastic surgery practices. The stronger chemical peels are able to penetrate to the middle layer of skin and will definitely be more effective in getting rid of it, however, this type of treatment also requires a lengthy recovery time of one to three weeks. But it can definitely be a more affordable option than laser therapy.
IPL, also known as photo facial, involves the use of a broadband light to remove pigment from the skin. This is a newer skin treatment and one that has a reputation for effectiveness and a minimal risk of scarring.
The More Natural Approach to Treating This Skin Condition
Freckles are caused by an increase in melanin production. Melanin is the pigment that’s responsible for adding color to the skin. This increase in melanin production can be caused by overexposure to sunlight, stress, genetics and hormonal changes. Many people who suffer from it prefer to try a more natural approach to getting rid of them because they have such sensitive, fair skin. Natural treatments, while gentle on the skin, may not be as effective as medical treatments, but they are definitely more affordable.
The most popular at home treatment for this skin problem is lemon juice. Because the citric acid in lemon juice works to naturally bleach the hair and skin, it’s one of the most commonly used natural treatments around. Lemon juice can be directly applied to the skin, however, you must avoid going out in the sun for half an hour to an hour after treatment. This treatment can be repeated once or twice daily until you experience results. During the first week of use, only apply to the face once daily and add additional treatments as your skin tolerates it. Lemon juice can be very drying to the skin so you will need to also apply lotion or aloe vera gel after each treatment.
Sour cream is another popular home treatment that works to remove freckles by preventing the production of tyrosinase, an enzyme that’s responsible for causing concentrated areas of pigmentation. To use this treatment apply the cream directly to the face, leaving it on for half an hour. Rinse off with warm soapy water and pat the skin dry. This treatment can be repeated three times a day or as tolerated.
Bananas contain many minerals and vitamins that can benefit the skin, and they also contain large amounts of salicylic acid. Salicylic acid can cause the skin to peel and encourage new skin to take its place. To use this treatment, mash up one banana and apply it directly to the face for ten minutes. Rinse off with warm soapy water and allow the skin to air dry. This treatment can be repeated a few times a week.
Papain is a type of enzyme that’s found in papaya. This enzyme works to exfoliate the skin, removing the buildup of dead skin cells and also stopping melanin production. To use this treatment, mash up one papaya and apply the fruit directly to the skin. Leave this fruit mask on for a period of twenty to thirty minutes, rising off with warm water. This treatment can be repeated once daily.
Are you still wondering how to get rid of freckles? Horseradish is packed with antioxidants which work to lighten it. It’s also high in ascorbic acid, which works to reduce the appearance of dark spots by preventing melanin production. To use, you’ll need to grate up about half a cup of horseradish and mix it with a cup of apple cider. This mixture will need to ferment for a period of one week. You can apply this homemade astringent to the face once daily.