Black Dots on Skin That Don’t Respond to Treatment
As we grow older, black dots on skin, also commonly referred to as liver spots, can appear on the backs of the hands and on the face. These discoloured spots are rounded, flat and are sharply defined. While they don’t pose a health risk, they’re often treated for emotional reasons in order to enhance a person’s self-esteem and improve their appearance. But often, these discoloured spots can be easily treated using over the counter medication or effective medical treatments.
Treating Liver Spots
These unsightly spots can develop alone or several may develop clustered together, forming rough patches. Some people will even have a hereditary predisposition for these spots, which can develop at any age, although they’re more commonly found in middle-aged adults. While not cancerous, many people tend to seek professional treatment simply because they can negatively affect their appearance, especially for someone who is suffering from multiple patches of discolouration.
There are several treatment options available, but most people will first attempt to home treat this condition using a variety of over the counter lightening lotions and creams.
Hydroquinone is the common go-to chemical to treat brown spots and it’s found in many over the counter products.
Should these products fail to fade the spots, many dermatologists recommend dermabrasion or chemical peels as the next step. Other topical options include liquorice extract, alpha arbutin, vitamin C and kojic acid. Many dermatologists recommend using one or two products at a time because each type plays its own role in regards to diminishing discoloured patches of skin.
Complexions that are mottled by hormonal changes or sun damage may not benefit from these products because they can create what is known as a halo effect. A halo effect refers to areas of lightness on a dark background. In order to experience all over skin clarity you will need to use a type of full face brighter that contains vitamin C. This can be used alone or paired with a type of spot treatment product.
Anti-aging products can also be very useful in treating age spots. These products do much more than fight wrinkles and can be commonly used to treat hyperpigmentation. Products that contain retinol are perfect for treating these conditions because they promote a faster skin cell turnover. As age spots begin to form, retinol works to prevent them from reaching full maturity. A broad spectrum sunscreen should also be applied daily, otherwise, these spots can return, regardless of which type of lightening treatment you use.
For more severe cases, use a lightening product that also features a chemical exfoliant like salicylic or glycolic acid. These acids work to gently remove dead skin cells and can actually instantly brighten it. Also, removing the top layer of skin can actually make other skincare product penetrate more deeply, which in turn means they’ll be more effective.
Keep in mind that facial treatments will also work well on any age spots on the chest, shoulders and neck. But make sure you ease into it gradually because the skin in these areas are more delicate. Begin by applying the product once every other day in order to minimize irritations, especially if the product you’re using contains glycolic acid or retinol.
Stepping Up Age Spot Treatment Intensity
Are you still wondering how to get lighter skin? You’ve treated these age spots for several months and you’ve tried home remedies, over the counter creams and every type of bleaching agent you can think of and you’re still left with spots that refuse to. When topical treatments fail to work it’s time to get serious and try more aggressive treatments that have a reputation for instant results.
Dermabrasion is a type of skin resurfacing treatment that utilizes a rotating device that actually sands down the top layers of skin. After this type of procedure, the new skin that comes in is usually younger and smoother looking. This treatment can work to get rid of age spots, fine lines and improve the appearance of scars, such as those caused by cystic acne. This type of treatment can be done alone or used in combination with topical creams or chemical peels.
During a procedure, the skin will be numbed or the doctor may administer a sedative. This will ultimately depend on the size of the area treated and the severity of the age spots. After treatment, the skin will remain bright pink and sensitive for several weeks. The brightened colour typically takes about a month to fade.
Chemical peels are designed to remove the top two layers of skin. Chemical peels are available in different strengths including light, medium and deep. Each type of peel will use a different chemical solution. Deeper peels often produce more dramatic results but can also require significantly longer recovery times.
A superficial, or light peel will only remove the top layer of skin and is often used to treat uneven skin tone, lighten age spots and dry skin. This chemical peel can be done as often as once a week and only requires a day or two for recovery.
Medium peels work to remove the skin from the top and middle layers. This type of peel can work to treat severe age spots, acne scars, wrinkles and hyperpigmentation. This type of peel can be repeated once a year to maintain results.
Deep peels work by removing skin cells from the middle and lower layers. A physician may recommend this option if you have precancerous growths or deeper scars or wrinkles.
When To Seek Medical Attention for Skin Discoloration
While home treatment is fine and recommended by most dermatologists for black dots on the skin, it’s important to meet with your physician if you have never before experienced this type of discolouration. Often, doctors can dismiss discolouration as age spots or sun damage during an exam, but if the spots are cause for concern your doctor may want to order some tests in order to rule out cancer.